Portugal is the third most peaceful country in the world, in a ranking of 163 countries led by Iceland and New Zealand, having climbed two positions this year.
The 2017 Global Peace Index (PGI), conducted by the Institute for Economy and Peace (IEP), based in Sydney, indicates that Portugal’s score rose two places to third place in the ranking, thus consolidating its position as one of the most peaceful countries in the world.
The IEP, the international center for human development studies, considers that Portugal registered “a remarkable improvement”, taking into account that it had been in the 16th position for five years.
The report highlights that Portugal’s rise to the third overall rating was determined by a gradual recovery of the financial crisis, which resulted in internal stability in the country.
The same document also shows that Portugal improved on 12 of the 23 indicators of the Global Peace Index, namely on arms imports and violent demonstrations.
Although it has improved on arms imports, this indicator still remains with a negative score.
“In addition to the increase in arms imports (the main indicator contributing to the negative score) and the number of internal security and police officers per 100,000 inhabitants, all other indicators have improved or remain unchanged this year,” the report said.
The document also highlights the improvements in homicide rate and political instability, as well as gradually recovering from a financial crisis.
The IEP also indicates that budgetary constraints have contributed to a reduction in military operations abroad and in the size of the Armed Forces, making Portugal one of the countries with the least military domination in the world.
The IGP also stresses that Europe is the most peaceful region in the world, with Portugal registering the highest rise in this continent.
The Global Peace Index has improved slightly this year, for the first time since 2014, corresponding to increases in indicators in six of the nine geographic areas analyzed.
At the top of the table are Iceland, New Zealand, Portugal, Austria and Denmark, while the least peaceful countries in the world remain Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Sudan and Yemen.
The report released this Thursday is the 11th edition and evaluates 23 indicators such as number and duration of internal and external conflicts, homicide rate, possibility of violent demonstrations and degree of militarization.
(News from the “Jornal de Notícias”)